Paleo Diet 

Paleo Diet (also called as Paleolithic, caveman, Stone Age or steak and bacon diet) is a diet that you eat food that might be eaten during the Paleolithic era. Food that are included in the Paleo Diet are food that you can get by hunting and gathering in the past that include lean meat, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. So, you will avoid eating refined sugar, wheat, dairy, grains, and legumes as well as processed food. 

A lot of the people will be confused about Ketogenic Diet and Paleo diet. But actually they have a lot of differences like Paleo Diet allow people to eat natural sugar, but Ketogenic Diet do not allow people to eat natural sugar but allow sugar free sweeteners. Basically, Paleo Diet is a diet that follow what early human beings eat and Ketogenic Diet is to eliminate carbohydrates intake.

A lot of people think that caveman is a carnivore. So, they believe Paleo Diet is a diet which you just eat meat or a lot of meat with little portion of vegetables. But actually, it is not they eat about 20-25 plant-based food a day, so they are omnivore. Therefore, Paleo Diet is not just about eating meat. People who support Paleo Diet think that our body is not well adapted to the modern foods. Also, they think that people in the past is healthier than us so they will choose to follow the Paleo diet to eliminate food like dairy, grains, and legumes. A lot of research shows that Paleo Diet can help a person to lose weight and to prevent heart disease and diabetes. 

There are a lot of benefits of Paleo diet for example have more weight loss, can improve glucose tolerance, better control of blood pressure and better appetite management. This diet improves our health by eliminating processed food that are high in fat and low in nutritional value with high calories. Other than benefits there are also some health risks like calcium and vitamin D deficiencies so you might need to take certain type of supplements to fulfill your daily intake. So, when anyone who is planning to switch to a new diet, they should better seek advice from their healthcare professional especially when you have chronic disease like heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

(Written by Ms Candice Ho, HK BioTek Nutritionist)

 

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原始人飲食法

原始人飲食法(也稱為舊石器時代、穴居人、石器時代或「牛排和煙肉」飲食)是一種採用舊石器時代飲食方式的飲食法。原始人飲食中包含的食物是人類通過狩獵和採集而獲得的食物,其中包括肉、水果、蔬菜、堅果和種子。因此,您將避免食用精製糖、小麥、乳製品、穀物和豆類,以及加工食品。

生酮飲食法和原始人飲食法很容易令人混淆,但是實際上它們有很多分別。原始人飲食法允許人們食用天然糖份,而生酮飲食法要完全避開食用天然糖份,但可進食不含糖份的甜味劑。基本上,原始人飲食是一種遵循人類早期飲食的飲食法,而生酮飲食則是避開攝入碳水化合物。

許多人認為穴居人是食肉獸。因此,他們認為原始人飲食法是一種您可以只吃肉、不吃蔬菜的飲食法。但是實際上,這是不對的。穴居人是雜食動物,除了肉類,每天會吃大約20至25種植物性食物。因此,原始人飲食不等於只吃肉。支持原始人飲食的人認為人類身體不能適應現代的食品,而且,他們認為古代的人比我們更健康,因此他們將選擇遵循古代人的飲食,戒吃乳製品、穀物和豆類食品。大量研究表明,原始人飲食可以幫助人們減輕體重,預防心臟病和糖尿病。

原始人飲食法有很多好處,例如:減輕體重、改善葡萄糖耐量及更好地控制血壓和控制食慾。這種飲食通過避免高脂肪及低營養價值的加工食品來改善我們的健康。進行原始人飲食的人會比較容易,缺乏鈣和維生素D,因此需要注意食物種類,或服用營養補充劑來滿足日常攝入量。當你打算進行任何一種新的飲食法時,最好先向醫療保健專業人員尋求建議,特別是當您患有如心臟病、糖尿病和高血壓等慢性疾病。

(文章由HK BioTek營養師何婉橋撰寫)

 

Reference:

1.    McMillen, M. (2020, September 09). Paleo diet (CAVEMAN diet) Review, Foods list, and more. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://www.webmd.com/diet/a-z/paleo-diet
2.    Keto vs. paleo: What are the similarities and differences? (n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326287#side-effects
3.    UC Davis Health, D. (n.d.). Is the paleo diet safe for your health? Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://health.ucdavis.edu/welcome/features/2014-2015/06/20150603_paleo-diet.html#:~:text=The%20typical%20paleo%20diet%2C%20however,heart%20disease%20and%20certain%20cancers.
4.    Roxby, P. (2010, September 17). Recreating the caveman diet. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://www.bbc.com/news/health-1107543